What KUGELBERG-WELANDER DISEASE means: Kugelberg-Welander Disease - Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) Types I, II, and III belong to a group of hereditary diseases that cause weakness and wasting of the voluntary muscles in the arms and legs of infants and children. The disorders are caused by an abnormal or missing gene known as the survival motor neuron gene (SMN1), which is responsible for the production of a protein essential to motor neurons. Without this protein, lower motor neurons in the spinal cord degenerate and die. The type of SMA (I, II, or III) is determined by the age of onset and the severity of symptoms.
- Definition Kuru:
- Dictionary which affects the brain. It is endemic among the Fore tribe of Papua New Guinea and is universally fatal. It is characterized by headaches, joint pains and shaking of the limbs. It is believed to be kugelberg-welander disease.
- Definition Kearns-Sayre Syndrome:
- Dictionary Syndrome - (KSS) is a disease caused by a 5,000 base deletion in the mitochondrial DNA. Kearnes-Sayre syndrome starts before the age of 20. It is a rare genetic disease in that it can be kugelberg-welander disease.
- Definition Krabbe Disease:
- Dictionary also known as globoid cell leukodystrophy or galactosylceramide lipidosis) is a rare, often fatal degenerative disorder that affects the myelin sheath of the nervous system. This condition is kugelberg-welander disease.
- Definition Klippel-Feil Syndrome:
- Dictionary Syndrome - is a rare disorder characterized by the congenital fusion of any 2 of the 7 cervical vertebrae. It is caused by a failure in the normal segmentation or division of the cervical vertebrae kugelberg-welander disease.