What INFANTILE NEUROAXONAL DYSTROPHY means: Infantile Neuroaxonal Dystrophy - INAD is caused by an abnormal build-up of substances in the nerves throughout the brain and body, which prevents them working properly. These deposits (sometimes called spheroid bodies, because of their appearance under the microscope) are found particularly in the nerve endings going to muscles, skin and conjunctiva. A child's development will start to slow down between the ages of six months and two years. Over the following years he or she will lose skills previously learned and vision will become increasingly impaired and eventually lost. Nystagmus (rapid, wobbly eye movements) and squints may be the first signs of this. He or she will become hypotonic (floppy), especially in the legs and body (more than in the arms).
- Definition Infantile Hypotonia:
- Dictionary or severely reduced muscle tone (the amount of tension or resistance to movement in a muscle), is seen primarily in children. It is not the same as muscle weakness but it can co-exist with muscle infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy.
- Definition Intracranial Cysts:
- Dictionary are cerebrospinal fluid-filled sacs that are located between the brain or spinal cord and the arachnoid membrane, one of the three membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. Primary arachnoid infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy.
- Definition Intestinal Lipodystrophy:
- Dictionary Lipodystrophy - also called Whipple's disease, a rare bacterial infection that most often affects your gastrointestinal system. It interferes with normal digestion, impairing the breakdown of infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy.
- Definition Intracranial Hypertension:
- Dictionary Hypertension - Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), sometimes called benign intracranial hypertension (BIH) or pseudotumor cerebri (PTC) is a neurological disorder that is characterized by infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy.