What INFANTILE SPASMS means: Infantile Spasms - (IS) is a specific type of seizure seen in an epilepsy syndrome of infancy and early childhood known as West Syndrome. The onset is predominantly in the first year of life, typically between 3-6 months. The typical pattern of IS is a sudden bending forward and stiffening of the body, arms, and legs; although there can also be arching of the torso. The prognosis for children with IS is dependent on the underlying causes of the seizures. The intellectual prognosis for children with IS is generally poor because many babies with IS have neurological impairment prior to the onset of spasms.
- Definition Infantile Phytanic Acid Storage Disease:
- Dictionary Acid Storage Disease - (IRD) is one of a small group of genetic diseases called peroxisome biogenesis disorders (PBD), which are part of a larger group of diseases called the leukodystrophies. These infantile spasms.
- Definition Infantile Refsum Disease:
- Dictionary Disease - is a disorder characterized by the reduction or absence of peroxisomes in the body and by the accumulation of phytanic acid in blood plasma and tissue. Infantile Refsum disease is one of a infantile spasms.
- Definition Incontinentia Pigmenti:
- Dictionary Pigmenti - (IP) is one of a group of gene-linked diseases known as neurocutaneous disorders. These disorders cause characteristic patterns of discolored skin and also involve the brain, eyes, nails infantile spasms.
- Definition Infantile Hypotonia:
- Dictionary or severely reduced muscle tone (the amount of tension or resistance to movement in a muscle), is seen primarily in children. It is not the same as muscle weakness but it can co-exist with muscle infantile spasms.