What INFANTILE PHYTANIC ACID STORAGE DISEASE means: Infantile Phytanic Acid Storage Disease - (IRD) is one of a small group of genetic diseases called peroxisome biogenesis disorders (PBD), which are part of a larger group of diseases called the leukodystrophies. These are inherited conditions that damage the white matter of the brain and affect motor movements. The primary treatment for IRD is to avoid foods that contain phytanic acid, including dairy products; beef and lamb; and fatty fish such as tuna, cod, and haddock. Some infants and children may also require plasma exchange (plasmapheresis) in which blood is drawn, filtered, and re-infused back into the body, to control the buildup of phytanic acid.
- Definition Intestinal Lipodystrophy:
- Dictionary Lipodystrophy - also called Whipple's disease, a rare bacterial infection that most often affects your gastrointestinal system. It interferes with normal digestion, impairing the breakdown of infantile phytanic acid storage disease.
- Definition Infantile Hypotonia:
- Dictionary or severely reduced muscle tone (the amount of tension or resistance to movement in a muscle), is seen primarily in children. It is not the same as muscle weakness but it can co-exist with muscle infantile phytanic acid storage disease.
- Definition Intracranial Cysts:
- Dictionary are cerebrospinal fluid-filled sacs that are located between the brain or spinal cord and the arachnoid membrane, one of the three membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. Primary arachnoid infantile phytanic acid storage disease.
- Definition Isaac'S Syndrome:
- Dictionary Syndrome - (also known as neuromyotonia, Isaac-Mertens syndrome, continuous muscle fiber activity syndrome, and quantal squander syndrome) is a rare neuromuscular disorder caused by continuous infantile phytanic acid storage disease.